Special police officers are a very interesting and unique position. In Maryland, SPO’s are regulated under Title 3, “Law Enforcement” (3-307) and every SPO in Maryland has full police powers on any property they have been assigned to protect. According to Title 3-307 of the Maryland Code, “Each special police officer shall protect and preserve peace and good order on the property described in the application for the commission” (Web, 2020). A special police officer may:
“(1) arrest individuals who trespass or commit offenses on the property described in the application for the commission;
(2) exercise the powers of a police officer on the property described in the application for the commission;
(3) exercise the powers of a police officer in a county or municipal corporation of the State in connection with the care, custody, and protection of other property of the entity that requested the appointment of the special police officer or other property, real or personal, for which the entity has assumed an obligation to maintain or protect; and
(4) direct and control traffic on public highways and roads in the immediate vicinity of the property described in the application for the commission in order to facilitate the orderly movement of traffic to and from the property, if the Secretary approves of this activity in advance” (Web, 2020).
Special Police Officers are appointed by the Governor and take an Oath of Office just as any regular police officer does. They can protect life and property for both public and private entities. A good example of Special Police Department in Maryland is the University of Maryland Police Department. Here is a link to the actual law: https://govt.westlaw.com/mdc/Browse/Home/Maryland/MarylandCodeCourtRules?guid=N56A11F709CC211DB9BCF9DAC28345A2A&originationContext=documenttoc&transitionType=Default&contextData=(sc.Default)